• Computer Software

    Computer Software

    Computer software also called a program or simply software is any set of instructions that directs a computer to perform specific tasks or operations. Computer software consists of computer programs, libraries and related non-executable data (such as online documentation or digital media). Computer software is non-tangible, contrasted with computer hardware, which is the physical component of computers. Computer hardware and software require each other and neither can be realistically used without the other.

    At the lowest level, executable code consists of machine language instructions specific to an individual processor—typically a central processing unit (CPU). A machine language consists of groups of binary values signifying processor instructions that change the state of the computer from its preceding state. For example, an instruction may change the value stored in a particular storage location in the computer—an effect that is not directly observable to the user. An instruction may also (indirectly) cause something to appear on a display of the computer system—a state change which should be visible to the user. The processor carries out the instructions in the order they are provided, unless it is instructed to “jump” to a different instruction, or interrupted.

    Software written in a machine language is known as “machine code”. However, in practice, software is usually written in high-level programming languages that are easier and more efficient for humans to use (closer to natural language) than machine language.[1] High-level languages are translated into machine language using a compiler or an interpreter or a combination of the two. Software may also be written in a low-level assembly language, essentially, a vaguely mnemonic representation of a machine language using a natural language alphabet. Assembly language is translated into machine language using an assembler.

    -Source: Wiki

    Types of Software

    Depending on what you would want to do with your computer, software can be divided into the following:

    Application software

    Any software that uses the computer system to perform special functions or provide entertainment functions beyond the basic operation of the computer itself. There are many different types of application software, because the range of tasks that can be performed with a modern computer is so large. Some examples are Microsoft Word, Microsoft Excel, Adobe Dreamweaver, Adobe Photoshop.

    System software

    Any software that directly operates the computer hardware, to provide basic functionality needed by users and other software, and to provide a platform for running application software.

    System software includes:

    Operating systems, which are essential collections of software that manage resources and provides common services for other software that runs “on top” of them. Supervisory programs, boot loaders, shells and window systems are core parts of operating systems. In practice, an operating system comes bundled with additional software (including application software) so that a user can potentially do some work with a computer that only has an operating system. Some examples are Windows 8, Windows 9, Windows 10, OS X.

    Device drivers, which operate or control a particular type of device that is attached to a computer. Each device needs at least one corresponding device driver; because a computer typically has at minimum at least one input device and at least one output device, a computer typically needs more than one device driver. Some examples are the drivers for your printer, modem, router and security cameras.

    Utilities, which are computer programs designed to assist users in the maintenance and care of their computers.

    Malicious software or malware, which is software that is developed to harm and disrupt computers. As such, malware is undesirable. Malware is closely associated with computer-related crimes, though some malicious programs may have been designed as practical jokes.

    Some software are more complicated than others and you would have to learn how to use them. For instance, before we can use Microsoft Word or Excel or Adobe Photoshop, you may need to learn about their basics and how to use them properly before you can make full use of them.

    There are many available courses both offline and online which offers the training you require to use many of these software. The ICDL Certification Courses like the ICDL Certification Course Adobe Photoshop CS 6 Classes by Skills Academy Singapore is one of them.


  • What is a computer?

    What is a computer?

    A computer is an electronic device that manipulates and process information, or data. It has the ability to store, retrieve, and process data in seconds depending on how powerful it is. You probably already know that you can use a computer to type documents, send email, play games, and browse the Web. You can also use it to edit or create spreadsheets, presentations, photos and even videos.

    Throughout this tutorial, we’ll show you some of the most important things you need to know about computers, including how to set up your computer, how to interact with the desktop and operating system, and what kinds of computers are available. We’ll also introduce you to some basic troubleshooting strategies you can use if your computer isn’t working correctly.

    Hardware vs. software

    Before we talk about different types of computers, let’s talk about two things all computers have in common:hardware and software.

    • Hardware is any part of your computer that has a physical structure, such as the keyboard or mouse. It also includes all of the computer’s internal parts, which you can see in the image below.

    Interior of a Motherboard

    • Software is any set of instructions or program that tells the hardware what to do. It is what guides the hardware and tells it how to accomplish and execute each task. Some examples of software include web browsers, games, and word processors. Below, you can see an image of Microsoft PowerPoint, which is used to create presentations. Software would include Microsoft Word, MS Excel, Adobe Photoshop and Adobe Dreamweaver among many others.

    Powerpoint Sample


    Everything you do on your computer will rely on both hardware and software and how they interact with each other. For example, right now you may be viewing this lesson in a web browser (software) and using your mouse (hardware) to click from page to page. As you learn about different types of computers, ask yourself about the differences in their hardware. As you progress through this tutorial, you’ll see that different types of computers also often use different types of software.

    What are the different types of computers?

    When most people hear the word computer, they think of a personal computer such as a desktop or laptop. However, computers come in many shapes and sizes, and they perform many different functions in our daily lives. When you withdraw cash from an ATM, scan groceries at the store, or use a calculator, you’re using a type of computer.

    Desktop computers


    Many people use desktop computers at work, home, school, or the library. They can be small, medium, or large in style, and they usually sit on a desk. Once you add a monitor, mouse, and keyboard, you have what is typically known as a desktop computer.

    Most desktop computers are easy to upgrade and expand or add new parts. Another benefit of desktop computers is their cost. If you compare a desktop and laptop with the same features, you will most likely find that the desktop is less expensive.



    Laptop computers

    Laptop computers


    The second type of computer you may be familiar with is a laptop computer, or a laptop. Laptops are battery- or AC-powered personal computers that are more portable than desktop computers, allowing you to use them almost anywhere.

    Because a laptop is smaller than a desktop, it’s more difficult to access its internal components. This means you may not be able to upgrade them as easily as a desktop.


    Tablet computers

    Tablet Computers

    Tablet computers—or tablets—are handheld computers that are even more portable than laptops. Instead of a keyboard or touchpad, tablets use a touch-sensitive screen for typing and navigation. The iPad is an example of a tablet.

    Tablets can’t necessarily do anything a laptop or a desktop can do, so you may still want a desktop or laptop to run programs or create documents. But if you just want to be able to play games, check email and social media, or stream music and videos, a tablet may be a good computer replacement.



    Server Room

    A server is a computer that serves up information to other computers on a network. Many businesses have file servers employees can use to store and share files. A server can look like a regular desktop computer, or it can be much larger.

    Servers also play an important role in making the Internet work: They are where webpages are stored. When you use your browser to click a link, a web server delivers the page you requested.


    Other types of computers

    Today, there are many everyday devices that are basically specialized computers, even though we don’t always think of them as computers. Here are a few common examples:

    • Mobile phones: Many mobile phones can do a lot of things computers can do, such as browsing the Internet and playing games. These phones are often called smartphones.
    • Game consoles: A game console is a specialized kind of computer that is used for playing video games. Although they are not as fully featured as desktop computers, many newer consoles allow you to perform nongaming tasks like browsing the Web.
    • TVs: Many TVs now include applications—or apps—that let you access various types of online content. For example, you can view your Facebook News Feed or watch streaming movies on Netflix.

    PCs and Macs

    Desktop PC   Destop Mac

    • PC: This type of computer began with the original IBM PC that was introduced in 1981. Other companies began creating similar computers, which were called IBM PC Compatible (often shortened to PC). Today, this is the most common type of personal computer, and it typically includes the Microsoft Windows operating system.

    • Mac: The Macintosh computer was introduced in 1984, and it was the first widely sold personal computer with a graphical user interface, or GUI (pronounced gooey). All Macs are made by one company, Apple Inc., and they almost always use the Mac OS X operating system.

    About this tutorial

    This tutorial is designed to introduce you to the components of computers and the process of beginning to use them. We’ll talk about operating systems, applications, and the cloud, as well as setting up and maintainingyour computer safely. These topics will be useful to you whether you have a PC or a Mac.

  • What is Bopp Packaging Tape

    What is BOPP Packaging Tape?

    BOPP packing tapes or packaging tapes are some of the most commonly used tapes in shipping and inventory management today, and with good reason. The special molecular structure and the resin stabilization of polypropylene offer excellent mechanical and optical properties, which are especially useful in a variety of applications, one of which is packaging.

    Bopp Material

    BOPP film (Biaxially Oriented Polypropylene) is actually a polypropylene film that has been stretched in both the machine and cross directions. BOPP film has since became one of the most popular and high growth films in the world.

    Features of BOPP film:

    – Excellent clarity
    – Good dimensional stability and flatness
    – Low electrostatic charge
    – Good barrier to water vapor
    – High gloss
    – Good performance on high speed printing
    – Resistant to oils and greases
    – Good puncture and flex-crack resistance over a wide range of temperatures
    – Not affected by moisture and does not wrinkle or shrink with environmental changes
    – Rugged structure and high tensile strength


    BOPP packing tapes are usually coated with different types of adhesive. The most commonly used are the hot melt synthetic rubber and acrylic adhesive. Hot melt adhesives are one of the most widely used mainly because of the consistent, reliable and quick seals. This kind of adhesive quickly bonds to the surface and offers high tensile strength, which make it one of the best choices for securing shipment. It can adhere well to various types of surfaces including film and fiberboard.

    Acrylic adhesives are another good option. They do not bond as quickly as hot melt adhesives (it has decent initial adhesion but it features gradual adhesion buildup that require around 24 hours to achieve maximum bond strength), but they have better heat, UV and shear resistance. This type of adhesive is recommended for heady-duty and long-term packaging.

    Other adhesives would include natural rubber, which has the same properties as hot melt synthetic rubber, except that it has better hold and could stick to dust, and heavy loads with various temperatures. Silicone adhesives are used too; it can be removed without leaving residue and is often used for applications that require exposure to extreme temperature.


    Most carrier or backing films have specs of 30 to 65 microns. The standard-duty tapes typically have thickness of around 2.0 MILs. Note that this already includes the carrier or backing film and the adhesive. Medium-duty packing tapes typically are around 2.6 MILs thick. Heavy duty adhesives have around 3.0 MILs (1 mil is 1/1000 of an inch).

    These packing tapes come in various widths too, with the 2-inch variety being the standard. Packing tapes with widths of 3/8 to 4 inches could be purchased in bulk. Standard length is 110 yards but 55-yard rolls are available as well.

    BOPP tapes typically come in the standard colors – clear and brown, although manufacturers now offer them in various colors such as red, pink, orange, yellow, green, black, white, purple and blue.


    Types of BOPP Packing Tape

    There are three major types of BOPP packing tape – transparent, colored and printed/customized. Transparent BOPP adhesive tapes are ideal for shipment with special care instructions or products with packaging that must remain visible. Colored BOPP packing tapes are handy for inventory management as they can be utilized as a product identification and organization tool. Custom packing tape contribute to a more efficient inventory management, but the printed message can also be handy in communicating special care instructions, and the custom design and message could help in advertising and building brand awareness.


    Custom OEM Company Logo Bopp Packaging Types

    Nowadays, many companies would like to have manufacturers make custom OEM Company Logo Bopp Packaging Tapes. The purpose is to enhance the branding of these companies. These types of Bopp Packing tapes are basically the same kind of Bopp packing tapes and the difference is that these Bopp types have the logos of designs of these companies printed on the otherwise plain bopp packing tapes. You can easily send the logos or designs that you want to be printed on the tapes and the manufacturers will have them printed on the bopp films before using them to manufacture your tapes and cutting to the size that you require.

    Customized OEM packaging tape
    Customized OEM packaging tape


    Dowell Packaging Products Co., Ltd is one of the leading custom OEM Company Logo Bopp Packaging Tapes manufacturer in the world. It is located in Xiamen China. It is a professional packaging products manufacturer and exporter, who is committed to distributing the quality packaging products and services to customers worldwide. Dowell Packaging team is made up of young, passionate and professional people; more importantly, it is willing to assist its customers in finding the right products and finally meeting their need.

  • The World of Businesses In The Various Industries And Their Products

    This is a blog that focuses on the different worlds of business, workflow and things related to businesses in the world.

    Competition in the business world is intense as it evolves and there are new businesses springing up every now and then. This site will look into the different businesses, companies and their products. We will also look at how they are able to brand themselves in order to make their products and services stand out in this complex concrete jungle.

    We will attempt to dive into how businesses are promoting their products both offline and online. we believe that when we are able to understanding this important aspect will help us to make our business stronger and to be able to consider the various options that we have on hand to map out the blueprint on which our business can be built on. Having a strong foundation will ensure that our business will be able to withstand the fierce competition that one is certain to find along the way.

    If a company is not able to invest on strong research and development to keep creating new products like the iPhones, fancy cars or internet search engines that Apple Inc., Lamborghini and Google Inc., it can still be able to build itself up as a reseller for such companies. It does not necessarily mean that there is no money to be made. It just have to find a way to offer its services or products to the many successful and often huge companies or manufacturers. Often, small companies need not position themselves as a competitor to existing manufacturers or factories, we trust that it will be of benefit if the small companies are able to position themselves as a complimentary business to help those well established brands in the world.


    Take for example, if we are to think of a product to manufacture, we would not be looking into setting a factory to make mobile phones to compete with Apple. Unless we have the financial means and backing to compete with Apple which apparently ranks among the top few companies on planet earth. We would instead be looking into setting up a factory to make cases for iPhones. That way, we are complimenting the business of Apple. We need not worry about Apple and whether we are able to compete with them. In fact, the more successful Apple is, the more opportunities we would have if we are making cases for iPhones. We will likely find ourselves looking forward to Apple being successful in launching new models of the iPhones or iPads that are two of the many pillar products of Apple.

    Hopefully by presenting the above example, you would be able to see that there are indeed many different and profitable angles from which you are able to build your company. As such, we look forward to you being successful in your every endeavors.